Tyrannosaurus Rex, a genus of coelurosaurian theropod dinosaur. dates to the Maastrichtian age of the upper Cretaceous Period, 68 to 66 million years ago. It was the last known member of the tyrannosaurids, and among the last non-avian dinosaurs to exist before the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event. Like other tyrannosaurids, Tyrannosaurus was a bipedal carnivore with a massive skull balanced by a long, heavy tail. The most complete specimen measures up to 12.3 m in length and up to 3.66 meters tall at the hips. By far the largest carnivore in its environment, Tyrannosaurus rex was most likely an apex predator, preying upon hadrosaurs, armoured herbivores like ceratopsians and ankylosaurs, and possibly sauropods. Some experts, however, have suggested the dinosaur was primarily a scavenge
Hall of Saurischian Dinosaurs, one of two halls in the David H. Koch Dinosaur Wing, displays fossils from Saurischians—dinosaurs characterized by grasping hands, in which the thumb is offset from the other fingers.
The American Museum of Natural History (AMNH), located at Central Park West and 79th Street, comprises of 28 interconnected buildings housing 45 permanent exhibition halls, in addition to a planetarium and a library, across 2-million square feet. The collections contain over 33 million specimens of plants, animals, fossils, minerals, rocks, meteorites, human remains, and human cultural artifacts. Founded in 1869, the museum opened in the original Victorian Gothic building designed by J. Wrey Mould in 1877. A southern expansion, a rusticated Richardsonian Romanesque by J. Cleveland Cady, extends 700 feet along West 77th Street and in 1936, John Russell Pope added the overscaled Beaux Arts entrance on Central Park West.
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