A Look Back At The Year 1983
1 January – The British Nationality Act 1981 comes into effect creating five classes of British nationality.
3 January – Children’s ITV is launched as a new branding for the late afternoon programming block on the ITV network.
6 January – Danish fishermen defy the British government’s prohibition on non-UK boats fishing in its coastal waters.
14 January – Stephen Waldorf shooting: Armed policeman shoot and severely injure an innocent car passenger in London, believing him to be escaped prisoner David Martin.
17 January – First British breakfast time television programme, Breakfast Time, broadcast on BBC1.
19 January – The two policemen who wounded Stephen Waldorf are charged with attempted murder and released on bail; they are suspended from duty pending further investigation.
23 January – The prohibition on non-British boats fishing in British waters is lifted as the European Economic Community’s Common Fisheries Policy comes into effect.
25 January – The Infrared Astronomical Satellite, the first-ever space-based observatory to perform a survey of the entire sky at infrared wavelengths, is launched. The satellite is a joint project between the American space agency NASA, the Netherlands Agency for Aerospace Programmes and the UK’s Science and Engineering Research Council.
26 January – Red rain falls in the UK, caused by sand from the Sahara Desert in the droplets.
28 January – Escaped prisoner David Martin is rearrested.
31 January – Seatbelt use for drivers and front seat passengers becomes mandatory, 11 years after becoming compulsory equipment in new cars.
February – Work begins on extending the Piccadilly line of London Underground at Heathrow Airport to serve the new Terminal 4.
1 February – TV-am broadcasts for the first time.
3 February: unemployment stands at a record high of 3,224,715 – though the previous high reached in the Great Depression of the early 1930s accounted for a higher percentage of the workforce.
10 February – The dismembered remains of at least fifteen young men are found at a house in Muswell Hill, North London, victims of Dennis Nilsen.
15 February – The Austin Metro is now Britain’s best selling car, having outsold every other new car registered in the UK during January.
24 February – Labour candidate Peter Tatchell loses the Bermondsey by-election to the Liberal Party’s Simon Hughes. The Official Monster Raving Loony Party first contests an election under this label.
26 February – Patrick Jennings, 37-year-old Arsenal and Northern Ireland goalkeeper, becomes the first player in the English game to appear in 1,000 senior football matches.
March – The compact disc (CD) goes on sale in the United Kingdom.
1 March – British Leyland launches the Austin Maestro, a five-door family hatchback with front-wheel drive which replaces the recently discontinued Maxi and Allegro. The Maestro also forms the basis of a new range of saloons and estates which are set to go into production early next year.
15 March – The Budget raises tax allowances, and cuts taxes by £2 billion.
26 March – Liverpool win the Football League Cup for the third year in succession, beating Manchester United 2–1 in the final at Wembley Stadium. The Reds, whose manager Bob Paisley will retire at the end of the current football season, are also on course to win the Football League First Division title for a record 14th time.
28 March – Ian MacGregor appointed as head of the National Coal Board.
April – Vauxhall launches the Nova supermini with a range of three-door hatchbacks and two-door saloons. It is the first Vauxhall to be built outside the United Kingdom, being assembled at the Zaragoza plant in Spain where it was launched seven months ago as the Opel Corsa, but plans to launch it on the British market had been attacked by trade unions who were angry at the fact that it would not be built in Britain. Its launch is expected to result in the end of Vauxhall Chevette production in Britain.
Thousands of protesters form a 14-mile human chain in reaction to the siting of American nuclear weapons in British military bases.
The government expels three Russians named as KGB agents by a Soviet defector.
4 April – The biggest cash haul in British history sees gunmen escape with £7 million from a Security Express van in London.
11 April – Richard Attenborough’s 1982 film Gandhi wins eight Academy Awards.
21 April – The one pound coin introduced in England and Wales.
9 May – Margaret Thatcher calls a general election for 9 June. Opinion polls show her on course for victory with the Tories 8–12 points ahead of Labour, and they are widely expected to form a significant overall majority due to the split in left-wing votes caused by the Alliance, who are now aiming to take Labour’s place in opposition.
16 May – Wheel clamps are first used to combat illegal parking in London.
21 May – Manchester United and Brighton & Hove Albion draw 2–2 in the FA Cup final at Wembley Stadium. The replay will be held in five days time.
Manchester United defeat Brighton & Hove Albion 4–0 in the FA Cup final replay at Wembley Stadium. Bryan Robson scores two of the goals, with the other two coming from Arnold Muhren and 18-year-old Norman Whiteside.
Opinion polls suggest that the Conservatives are looking set to be re-elected with a landslide. A MORI poll puts them on 51%, 22 points ahead of Labour.
1 June – Jockey Lester Piggott rides Teenoso to victory at the Epsom Derby, Piggott’s ninth win.
9 June – Margaret Thatcher, Conservative Prime Minister of the United Kingdom since 1979, wins a landslide victory with a majority of 144 seats (through just 42% of the popular vote) over Michael Foot, who led a highly divided and weakened Labour Party which earned only 28% of the vote. Among the new members of parliament are three Labour MP’s, Tony Blair for Sedgefield in County Durham, Gordon Brown for Dunfermline East in Scotland and Jeremy Corbyn for Islington North in London. The election is also a disappointment for the SDP-Liberal Alliance, who come close behind Labour in votes but are left with a mere 23 MPs in the new parliament compared to Labour’s 209. The new 650-seat parliament will have 397 Conservative MP’s, whereas Labour now has just 209. The election also sees the retirement of former prime minister Harold Wilson after 38 years as a Labour MP.
10 June – Computer tycoon Clive Sinclair is knighted.
12 June – Michael Foot resigns as leader of the Labour Party. Neil Kinnock, shadow spokesman for education and MP for Islwyn in South Wales, is tipped to succeed him; however, the successor will not be confirmed until this autumn.
14 June – Roy Jenkins resigns as leader of the SDP and is succeeded by David Owen. Although the SDP gained 25% (around 7 million) of the votes and fell just short of Labour in terms of votes, they attained only a fraction of the number of seats won by Labour.
15 June – The first episode of historical sitcom Blackadder is broadcast on BBC One.
16 June – National Museum of Photography, Film and Television opens in Bradford.
7 July – New chancellor Nigel Lawson announces public spending cuts of £500 million.
Neil Kinnock escapes uninjured when his Ford Sierra overturns on the M4 motorway in Berkshire.
MP’s vote 361–245 against the reinstatement of the death penalty, 18 years after its abolition.
15 July – Much of the country embraces a heatwave as temperatures reach 33 °C in London.
16 July – Twenty people are killed in the 1983 British Airways Sikorsky S-61 crash.
19 July – A large new model of a flesh-eating dinosaur is erected at the Natural History Museum.
21 July – Former prime minister Harold Wilson is one of 17 life peerages announced today, having stood down from parliament last month after 38 years as MP for Huyton, near Liverpool.
22 July – Production of the Ford Orion four-door saloon begins. The Orion is the saloon version of the Escort, but is also aimed at buyers of larger family saloon cars like the recently discontinued Cortina. It goes on sale this autumn, and is produced at the Halewood plant in Liverpool as well as the Valencia plant in Spain which also produces the smaller Fiesta.
26 July – A Catholic mother of ten, Victoria Gillick, loses a case in the High Court of Justice against the DHSS. Her application sought to prevent the distribution of contraceptives to children under the age of 16 without parental consent. The case goes to the House of Lords in 1985 when it is decided that it is legal for doctors to prescribe contraceptives to under-16s without parental consent in exceptional circumstances ("Gillick competence").
1 to 31 July – The two hundredth anniversary of the previous hottest month in the CET series sees a new record for heat with a monthly mean CET of 19.5 °C or 67.1 °F – 0.7 °C or 1.3 °F hotter than July 1783.
1 August – The new A-prefix car registration plates are launched, helping spur on the recovery in car sales following the slump at the start of the decade caused by the recession.
5 August – 22 Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) members receive sentences totalling over 4,000 years from a Belfast Court.
19 August – Temperatures reach 30 °C in London, as hot weather embraces the United Kingdom.
29 August – ITV launches Blockbusters, a gameshow hosted by Bob Holness and featuring sixth formers as its contestants.
1 September – Ian MacGregor becomes chairman of the National Coal Board.
8 September – The National Health Service privatises cleaning, catering and laundering services in a move which Social Services Secretary Norman Fowler predicts will save between £90 million and £180 million a year.
11 September – The SDP Conference voted against a merger with the Liberals until at least 1988.
21 September – The England national football team lose 1–0 to Denmark at Wembley Stadium in the penultimate qualifying game for Euro 84, making qualification unlikely.
22 September – Docklands redevelopment in East London begins with the opening of an Enterprise Zone on the Isle of Dogs.
25 September – Maze Prison escape: 38 IRA prisoners armed with six guns hijack a lorry and escape from HM Prison Maze in County Antrim, Northern Ireland; one guard dies of a heart attack and 20 others are injured in the attempt to foil the escape, the largest prison escape since World War II and in British history. 19 escapees are later apprehended.
30 September – In the latest crackdown on football hooliganism, seven men (all members of the notorious Subway Army, a football firm associated with Wolverhampton Wanderers F.C.) are convicted of taking part in a fight near the club’s stadium.
Ford launches two crucial new models – a facelifted version of the Fiesta supermini, known as the MK2 and the Orion, which is a saloon version of the Escort.
2 October – Neil Kinnock is elected leader of the Labour Party following the retirement of Michael Foot. Kinnock attracted more than 70% of the votes, and names Roy Hattersley (who came second with nearly 20%) as his deputy.
4 October – Richard Noble, driving the British turbojet-powered car Thrust2, takes the land speed record to 634.051 mph (1020.406 km/h) over 1 km (633.47 mph (1019.47 km/h) over 1 mile) at Black Rock Desert in the United States, an increase of 40 mph over the previous kilometre record.
7 October – A plan to abolish the Greater London Council is announced.
14 October – Cecil Parkinson resigns as Trade and Industry Secretary following revelations about his relationship with Sarah Keays.
19 October – Shooting of Stephen Waldorf: The two Metropolitan policemen who mistakenly shot and wounded Stephen Waldorf in January are cleared of attempted murder.
22 October – Over a million people demonstrate against nuclear weapons at a Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament march in London.
Arthur Hutchinson kills three members of the Laitner family and rapes their daughter in the Sheffield suburb of Dore.
Dennis Nilsen goes on trial at the Central Criminal Court accused of six murders and two attempted murders. He confesses to murdering "15 or 16" men.
American forces invade the Commonwealth country of Grenada.
Roy Griffiths presents his report on general management of the National Health Service.
4 November – Dennis Nilsen is sentenced to life imprisonment.
5 November – Five workers on the Byford Dolphin semi-submersible oil rig are killed in an explosive decompression while drilling in the Frigg gas field in the North Sea.
The first United States cruise missiles arrive at RAF Greenham Common in Berkshire amid protests from peace campaigners at the Greenham Common Women’s Peace Camp.
Gerry Adams takes office as elected leader of Sinn Féin.
16 November – England beat Luxembourg 4–0 in their final Euro 84 qualifying game but still fail to qualify for next summer’s tournament in France as Denmark also win their final qualifying game. After the game, more than 20 England fans are arrested after going on a violent rampage in Luxembourg.
18 November – Walton sextuplets: 31-year-old Liverpool woman Janet Walton gives birth to female sextuplets following fertility treatment.
23 November – The 23-mile M54 motorway opens, giving the M6 north of Wolverhampton a link with the new town of Telford in Shropshire.
24 November – Fifteen-year-old Lynda Mann is found raped and strangled in the village of Narborough, Leicestershire.
26 November – Brink’s-Mat robbery: In London, 6,800 gold bars worth nearly £26 million are taken from the Brink’s-Mat vault at Heathrow Airport. Only a fraction of the gold is ever recovered, and only two men are convicted of the crime.
4 December – An SAS undercover operation ends in the shooting and killing of two IRA gunmen, a third is injured.
6 December – First heart and lung transplant carried out in Britain at Harefield.
8 December – The House of Lords votes to allow television broadcast of its proceedings.
10 December – William Golding wins the Nobel Prize in Literature "for his novels which, with the perspicuity of realistic narrative art and the diversity and universality of myth, illuminate the human condition in the world of today".
17 December – An IRA car bomb kills six, three police and three members of the public, and injures 90 outside Harrods in London.
25 December (Christmas Day) – a second IRA bomb explodes in Oxford Street, but this time nobody is injured.
The compact disc is first marketed in Britain.
Designer and entrepreneur James Dyson produces his prototype vacuum cleaner.
Hanson Trust takes over United Drapery Stores (UDS) to realise the assets of its high street shops.
Thames Water shuts down the reciprocating stationary steam engines at its Waddon pumping station in Croydon, the last in Britain to pump drinking water by steam.
Saga Magazine begins publication.
Despite unemployment remaining in excess of 3 million, the battle against inflation which has largely contributed to mass unemployment is being won as inflation falls to 4.6% – the lowest level since 1966.
The economic recovery continues with 4.7% overall growth for the year, the highest since 1973. The year also sees unbroken growth for the first time since 1978.
Japanese carmaker Nissan, which plans to open a factory in Britain by 1986, drops the Datsun marque on British registered cars after nearly two decades and adopts the Nissan brand in its place.
Barbara Cartland writes 23 romantic novels.
Howard Jacobson’s first novel Coming from Behind.
Terry Pratchett’s first Discworld novel The Colour of Magic.
Salman Rushdie’s novel Shame.
Graham Swift’s novel Waterland.
1 January – Calum Davenport, footballer
22 February – Emily Blunt, actress
14 March – Joe Flynn, actor
15 March – Sean Biggerstaff, actor
21 March – Bruno Langley, actor
28 March – Ryan Ashington, footballer
29 March – Ed Skrein, actor and rapper
14 April – Simon Burnett, swimmer
5 May – Henry Cavill, actor
13 May – Natalie Cassidy, actress
18 May – Lyndon Ogbourne, actor
30 May – Jennifer Ellison, actress
8 June – Allan Dick, Scottish field hockey goalkeeper
17 June – Lee Ryan, singer
30 June – Cheryl Cole, singer
20 July – Rory Jennings, actor
21 August – Chantelle Houghton, reality TV star
22 August – Julie Kilpatrick, Scottish field hockey player
23 August – Fiona Onasanya, Labour Member of Parliament and criminal convicted of perverting the course of justice
24 August – Christopher Parker, actor
14 September – Amy Winehouse, singer-songwriter (died 2011)
18 September – Naomi Folkard, archer
30 September – Louise Munn, Scottish field hockey defender
10 November – Jo Ellis, English field hockey forward
17 November – Harry Lloyd, actor
20 December – Lucy Pinder, model
2 January – Dick Emery, comedian and actor (born 1915)
22 January – Walter Citrine, 1st Baron Citrine, trade unionist (born 1887)
23 January – Fred Bakewell, cricketer (born 1908)
28 January – Billy Fury, singer-songwriter (born 1940)
13 February – Edward Fletcher, Labour Member of Parliament (born 1911)
22 February – Sir Adrian Boult, conductor (born 1889)
8 March – William Walton, composer (born 1902)
3 April – Jimmy Bloomfield, footballer and football manager (born 1934)
13 April – Gerry Hitchens, footballer (born 1934)
15 March – Rebecca West, writer (born 1892)
16 March – Freda Dudley Ward, socialite (born 1894)
21 May – Kenneth Clark, art historian (born 1903)
4 July – John Bodkin Adams, suspected serial killer (born 1899)
29 July – David Niven, actor (born 1910)
5 August – Joan Robinson, economist (born 1903)
14 August – Ian Nairn, journalist and writer (born 1930)
10 October – Ralph Richardson, actor (born 1902)
15 November – John Le Mesurier, actor (born 1912)
25 November – Anton Dolin, dancer and choreographer (born 1904)
30 November – Richard Llewellyn, novelist (born 1906)
Lady Norah Docker, socialite (born 1906)
Sir Neil Ritchie, general (born 1897)
13 December – Mary Renault, novelist (born 1905)
23 December – Colin Middleton, artist (born 1910)
26 December – Violet Carson, actress (born 1898)
1 January"Save Your Love"Renée and Renato2
15 January"You Can’t Hurry Love"Phil Collins2
29 January"Down Under"Men at Work3
19 February"Too Shy"Kajagoogoo2
5 March"Billie Jean"Michael Jackson1
12 March"Total Eclipse of the Heart"Bonnie Tyler2
26 March"Is There Something I Should Know?"Duran Duran2
9 April"Let’s Dance"David Bowie3
30 April"True"Spandau Ballet4
28 May"Candy Girl"New Edition1
4 June"Every Breath You Take"The Police4
2 July"Baby Jane"Rod Stewart3
23 July"Wherever I Lay My Hat (That’s My Home)"Paul Young3
13 August"Give It Up"KC and the Sunshine Band3
3 September"Red Red Wine"UB403
24 September"Karma Chameleon"Culture Club6
5 November"Uptown Girl"Billy Joel5
10 December"Only You"The Flying Pickets4
Take a look back at the year 1974
1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1974th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 974th year of the 2nd millennium, the 74th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1970s decade.
January 11 – David, Elizabeth, Emma, Grant, Jason and Nicolette Rosenkowitz are born in Cape Town, the first recorded sextuplets in the world where all six babies survive.
January 15 – Happy Days, a sitcom about life in the 1950s, debuts on ABC.
January 17 – Two commercial divers, Pier Skipness and Robert John Smyth, die from rapid decompression and drowning in the Norwegian Sector of the North Sea after their diving bell abruptly surfaces from a depth of 320 feet (98 m).
January 20 – The General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon makes its first flight at Edwards Air Force Base, California.
January 26 – Bülent Ecevit of CHP forms the new government of Turkey (37th government, partner MSP).
Fire breaks out in the Joelma Building in São Paulo, Brazil; 177 die, 293 are injured, 11 die later of their injuries.
Kuala Lumpur, the capital of Malaysia, is declared a Federal Territory.
February 4 – Heiress Patty Hearst is kidnapped outside her Berkeley, California apartment by the Symbionese Liberation Army.
February 8 – After a record 84 days in orbit, the crew of Skylab 4 returns to Earth.
February 12 – The first episode of children’s television series Bagpuss airs in Britain.
February 17 – Zamalek disaster: a soccer stampede occurs in Cairo, killing 49.
March 3 – Turkish Airlines Flight 981 travelling from Paris to London crashes in a wood near Paris, killing all 346 aboard. This becomes the deadliest single aircraft accident with no survivors.
Following a hung parliament in the United Kingdom general election, Conservative prime minister Edward Heath resigns and is succeeded by Labour’s Harold Wilson, who previously led the country from 1964 to 1970.
People magazine’s first issue released in the U.S. with Mia Farrow on the cover.
Charles de Gaulle Airport opens in Paris, France.
Queen releases Queen II with the single Seven Seas of Rhye.
The final episode of the American television series The Brady Bunch airs.
End of five-month oil embargo by most OPEC nations against the United States, Europe and Japan which had caused the 1973 oil crisis.
After 23 consecutive years on television, Lucille Ball airs the finale of Here’s Lucy.
March 26 – A group of peasant women in Chamoli district, Uttarakhand, India, use their bodies to surround trees in order to prevent loggers from felling them, giving rise to the Chipko movement.
The Terracotta Army of Qin Shi Huang is discovered at Xi’an, China.
Launch of the Volkswagen Golf in West Germany, a modern front-wheel drive hatchback which is expected to replace the iconic Volkswagen Beetle, holder of the world record for the car with the most units produced.
April – The world population reaches 4 billion people estimated by the United States Census Bureau.
April 2 – French president Georges Pompidou, dies of cancer at 63. Alain Poher succeeds him immediately; Valéry Giscard d’Estaing wins the presidential contest in May 1974.
April 3–4 – An enormous tornado outbreak strikes the central parts of the United States, killing around 319 people. Known as the "1974 Super Outbreak", the event was the largest of its kind until the 2011 Super Outbreak.
April 4 – Hank Aaron ties Babe Ruth for the all-time home run record with his 714th at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati.
April 5 – Stephen King publishes Carrie, his first novel.
Swedish pop group ABBA’s song Waterloo wins the 1974 Eurovision Song Contest in Brighton, England, UK.
California Jam is held at the Ontario Motor Speedway in Ontario, California, attracting 250,000 fans.
April 8 – Hank Aaron became the all-time MLB home run leader with his 715th at Atlanta in front of a national television audience.
April 11 – The Kiryat Shmona massacre takes place in Israel.
April 15 – As "Tania", Patty Hearst is photographed wielding an M1 carbine while robbing the Sunset District branch of the Hibernia Bank in San Francisco.
April 24 – Guillaume Affair: exposure of an East German spy Günter Guillaume within the West German government, leading to the resignation of West German Chancellor Willy Brandt.
April 25 – Carnation Revolution: A left-wing military coup in Portugal restores democracy, ending 41 years of the Estado Novo dictatorship in the country. Portuguese Prime Minister Marcelo Caetano flees to Brazil and is granted political asylum by Brazilian President Ernesto Geisel.
An all-female Japanese team summits Manaslu in Nepal, becoming the first women to climb an 8,000 metres (26,000 ft) peak.
The Expo ’74 world’s fair opens in Spokane, Washington.
May 6 – Willy Brandt West Germany’s chancellor resigns; replaced by Helmut Schmidt.
May 17 – Dublin and Monaghan bombings: The Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF), explode four car bombs in Dublin and Monaghan in the Republic of Ireland. The attacks kill 33 civilians and wound almost 300, the highest number of casualties in any single day during "The Troubles".
A massive, two-hour shootout between the Los Angeles Police Department and members of the Symbionese Liberation Army leaves six SLA members, including SLA leader Donald DeFreeze, dead.
1974 Australian federal election: Gough Whitlam’s Labor Government is re-elected with a reduced majority, defeating the Liberal/Country Coalition led by Billy Snedden. Whitlam consequently becomes the first Labor Prime Minister to be re-elected in his own right. The Democratic Labor Party meanwhile lost all five of their Senate seats, effectively wiping them out as a political force.
Nuclear weapons testing: Under Project Smiling Buddha, India successfully detonates its first nuclear weapon, becoming the 6th nation to do so.
The Warsaw radio mast is completed, the second tallest structure ever built (it collapses on August 8, 1991).
Heaven’s Gate, an American millenarian New Age religious group, is founded by Marshall Applewhite and Bonnie Nettles.
May 19 – The Philadelphia Flyers defeat the Boston Bruins to become the first team from the 1967 NHL expansion class to win the Stanley Cup in the North American National Hockey League.
May 24 Duke Ellington, American composer, bandleader, pianist dies at the age of 75.
Johnny Rutherford wins the first of three Indianapolis 500s
NASA’s ATS-6 satellite is launched.
Main article: June 1974
June 4 – The Cleveland Indians stage an ill-advised Ten Cent Beer Night for a game against the Texas Rangers at Cleveland Municipal Stadium. Cleveland forfeits after alcohol-fueled mayhem and violence spreads from the stands onto the field.
June 13 – The 1974 FIFA World Cup begins in West Germany.
June 14 – The Annual Jackson, Dorian Festival of DOING IT LIVE begins
June 17 – A bomb explodes in Westminster Hall, the oldest part of the British Houses of Parliament. The hall’s annex, housing offices and a canteen, is destroyed by the bombing, attributed by police to the Provisional wing of the Irish Republican Army.
June 26 – The Universal Product Code is scanned for the first time, to sell a package of Wrigley’s chewing gum at the Marsh Supermarket in Troy, Ohio.
Isabel Perón is sworn in as the first female President of Argentina, replacing her sick husband Juan Perón, who dies 2 days later.
America Sings attraction opens to the public for the first time at Disneyland in Anaheim, California.
Main article: July 1974
July 7 – West Germany beats the Netherlands 2–1 to win the 1974 FIFA World Cup. The West German football team are awarded the new FIFA World Cup Trophy.
July 8 – Two weeks after the attraction’s opening, an 18-year-old employee is crushed to her death while working on America Sings at Disneyland. This is the first casualty to occur to an employee at a Disney Park.
The Greek military junta sponsors a coup d’état in Cyprus, replacing President Makarios III with Nikos Sampson.
News anchor Christine Chubbuck commits suicide during a live broadcast on WXLT-TV in Sarasota, Florida.
July 16 – Elmer Wayne Henley is sentenced to life imprisonment for assisting Dean Corll in murdering 28 Texas boys from 1970 to 1973.
July 19 – Railcar explosion in Decatur, Illinois. A tanker car collides with a Norfolk & Western boxcar. Seven people are killed, 349 are injured and $18 million in property damage.
July 20 – The Turkish invasion of Cyprus occurs.
July 23 – The Greek military junta is replaced by a civilian government, the metapolitefsi.
August 9: Gerald Ford becomes the 38th President of the United States
August 4 – A bomb explodes in a train between Italy and West Germany, killing 12 and wounding 48. Italian neo-fascists take responsibility.
August 7 – Philippe Petit crosses between Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York City high-wire walking.
August 9 – Watergate scandal: U.S. President Richard Nixon announces his resignation on August 8, effective at noon on August 9. Vice President Gerald Ford is sworn in as the 38th President of the United States upon Nixon’s resignation.
Turkey invades Cyprus for the second time, occupying 37% of the island’s territory.
Greece withdraws its forces from NATO’s military command structure, as a result of the Turkish invasion of Cyprus.
August 30 – An express train bound for Germany from Belgrade derails in Zagreb, Yugoslavia (now Croatia), killing more than 150 passengers.
TWA Flight 841 crashes into the Ionian Sea 18 minutes after take off from Athens, after a bomb explodes in the cargo hold, and kills 88 people.
President Gerald Ford pardons former president Richard Nixon.
September 10 – The Portuguese military junta grants independence to Guinea-Bissau.
September 12 – Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia is deposed by the Derg, bringing an end to the Solomonic dynasty’s rule since 1270. The Ethiopian Civil War begins.
September 12 – African Youth Amílcar Cabral is founded in Guinea-Bissau.
September 13 – Japanese Red Army members seize the French Embassy in The Hague, Netherlands.
September 20 – The Kootenai War is declared, and 10-cent tolls are charged on U.S. Highway 95.
September 23 – Ceefax (one of the first public service information systems) is started by the BBC.
October 11 – The UK Labour government of Harold Wilson wins the second general election of the year, forming a three-seat majority. Wilson, who has led the party for a total of 11 years, has now won four of the five general elections he has contested.
October 26 – Fuerzas Armadas de Liberación Nacional Puertorriqueña (FALN) sets off 5 bombs in Manhattan, with their largest bomb set off in the Financial District.
October 30 – The Rumble in the Jungle takes place in Kinshasa, Zaire, where Muhammad Ali knocks out George Foreman in eight rounds to regain the Heavyweight title, which had been stripped from him seven years earlier.
The World Tourism Organization (WTO or WToO) is established.
The German electronic band Kraftwerk releases their studio album Autobahn.
November 5 – The Democratic Party makes big gains nationwide in House, Senate and Gubernatorial elections.
Ronald DeFeo Jr., murders his entire family in their home in Amityville on Long Island, an event that inspires the story of The Amityville Horror.
McDonald’s open their first UK restaurant in Woolwich, South East London.
November 16 – Arecibo message: The radio telescope at the Arecibo Observatory on Puerto Rico sends an interstellar radio message towards Messier 13, the Great Globular Cluster in Hercules. The message will reach its destination around the year 27,000.
November 18 – The International Energy Agency is founded.
November 21 – Birmingham pub bombings: In Birmingham, England, two pubs are bombed, killing 21 people in an attack widely believed at the time to be linked to the Provisional Irish Republican Army. The Birmingham Six are later sentenced to life in prison for this, but their convictions are quashed after a lengthy campaign.
November 22 – The United Nations General Assembly grants the Palestine Liberation Organization observer status.
November 24 – A skeleton from the hominid species Australopithecus afarensis is discovered and named Lucy.
November 26 – Anneline Kriel is crowned as Miss World 1974, the second South African to hold the title after Penny Coelen in 1958, when Helen Morgan resigns four days after winning the 24th Miss World pageant.
November 28 – In a rare (and final) public performance, former Beatle John Lennon joins Elton John on stage at Madison Square Garden in New York City.
Main article: December 1974
December 1 – A Boeing 727 carrying TWA Flight 514 crashes 40 kilometres (25 mi) northwest of Dulles International Airport during bad weather, killing all 92 people on board.
December 9 – The Paris summit, reuniting the European Communities’ heads of state and government, commences.
December 13 – Malta becomes a republic.
December 17 – The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) becomes a specialized agency of the United Nations.
December 24–25 – Darwin, Australia is almost completely destroyed by Cyclone Tracy.
Rubik’s Cube puzzle is invented by Hungarian architecture professor Ernő Rubik.
Dungeons & Dragons fantasy tabletop role-playing game, designed by Gary Gygax and Dave Arneson, is first released, in the United States.
PepsiCo becomes the first American company to sell products in the Soviet Union.
January 1 – Reem Maged, Egyptian journalist
January 3 – Alessandro Petacchi, Italian road cyclist
Farhan Akhtar, Indian film director, screenwriter, actor, singer, producer, and television host
MF Doom, English recording artist and producer
January 10 – Hrithik Roshan, Indian actor
Melanie Chisholm, English singer-songwriter (Spice Girls)
Tor Arne Hetland, Norwegian cross-country skier
January 13 – Kaili Vernoff, American actress
January 14 – Kevin Durand, Canadian-American actor and singer
January 16 – Kate Moss, English model
Derrick Mason, American football player
Keith Robinson, American actor and R&B singer
Gustavo Kupinski, Argentine guitarist (d. 2011)
Maulik Pancholy, American actor
January 19 – Éva Novodomszky, Hungarian journalist and presenter
January 20 – Rae Carruth, American football player
January 21 – Maxwell Atoms, American animator
January 22 – Joseph Muscat, 13th Prime Minister of Malta
Scott Doran, Irish Gaelic footballer (d. 2018)
Tiffani Thiessen, American actress
January 24 – Ed Helms, American actor and stand-up comedian
January 27 – Ole Einar Bjørndalen, Norwegian biathlete
January 28 – Kari Traa, Norwegian freestyle skier
Michael Andersen, Danish basketball player
Kōji Wada, Japanese rock singer (d. 2016)
Christian Bale, English actor
Olivia Colman, English actress
January 31 – Anna Silk, Canadian actress
Ayanna Pressley, American politician
Miriam Yeung, Hong Kong actress and singer
Urmila Matondkar, Indian actress
Shahab Hosseini, Iranian actor and film director
February 6 – Aljo Bendijo, Filipino journalist, broadcaster, TV/radio host
Cheryl Cosim, Filipino journalist, news anchor, TV host
J Dilla, American record producer and rapper (d. 2006)
Steve Nash, Canadian basketball player
Nujabes, Japanese record producer and DJ (d. 2010)
Seth Green, American actor and comedian
Guy-Manuel de Homem-Christo, French musician and record producer
Kimbo Slice, Bahamian-born American boxer and mixed martial artist (d. 2016)
Elizabeth Banks, American actress and film director
Ivri Lider, Israeli singer
February 12 – Naseem Hamed, British boxer
February 13 – Robbie Williams, British singer
Philippe Léonard, Belgian footballer
Valentina Vezzali, Italian fencer
Miranda July, American author, director, actor, musician and spoken-word artist
Mr Lordi, Finnish singer
Alexander Wurz, Austrian racing driver
Gina Lynn, American porn actress
February 16 – Mahershala Ali, American actor and rapper
February 17 – Jerry O’Connell, American actor
February 18 – Jillian Michaels, American personal trainer, businesswoman, author and TV personality
February 19 – Lezley Zen, American porn actress
February 22 – James Blunt, English singer
February 24 – Bonnie Somerville, American actress
Divya Bharti, Indian film actress (d. 1993)
Chad Hugo, American musician and producer
Dominic Raab, British politician, Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
Sébastien Loeb, French rally driver
Mikee Cojuangco-Jaworski, Filipino actress and equestrienne
February 27 – Hiroyasu Shimizu, Japanese speed skater
March 1 – Mark-Paul Gosselaar, American actor
March 3 – David Faustino, American actor
Karol Kučera, Slovak tennis player
Ariel Ortega, Argentine football player
Jens Jeremies, German footballer
Matt Lucas, English comedian
Eva Mendes, American actress and model
Barbara Schöneberger, German actress, singer, and TV host
Hiten Tejwani, Indian model and actor
Anthony Carelli, Canadian professional wrestler
Cooper Manning, television host
Jenna Fischer, American actress
Antonio de la Rúa, Argentine lawyer
Danny Corkill, American child actor
Cesar Velasco Broca, Spanish actor
Hekiru Shiina, Japanese voice actress and singer
Jama Williamson, American actress
March 14 – Grace Park, Canadian actress
March 15 – Percy Montgomery, South African rugby union player
March 20 – Carsten Ramelow, German footballer
March 21 – Ted Kravitz, British presenter and reporter
Marcus Camby, American basketball player
Kidada Jones, American actress
Bassem Youssef, Egyptian journalist
March 24 – Alyson Hannigan, American actress
March 25 – Lark Voorhies, American actress and singer
Daisuke Kishio, Japanese voice actor
Scott Mills, British radio DJ and television presenter
March 29 – Miguel Gómez, Colombian photographer
Ronnie Kerr, American actor
Miho Komatsu, Japanese pop singer and songwriter
Natali, Russian singer, composer and songwriter
Jani Sievinen, Finnish swimmer
April 1 – Marcos Balter, Brazilian composer
April 2 – Håkan Hellström, Swedish musician
April 8 – Chris Kyle, American sniper (d. 2013)
April 9 – Jenna Jameson, American pornographic actress
Tricia Helfer, Canadian actress and model
Alexander Kuoppala, Finnish guitarist
April 12 – Marley Shelton, American actress
April 13 – Marta Jandová, Czech musician and actress
Gabriela Duarte, Brazilian actress
Danny Pino, Cuban American actor
Tim Thomas, American ice hockey goaltender
April 16 – Xu Jinglei, Chinese actress and director
Mikael Åkerfeldt, Swedish musician (Opeth)
Victoria Beckham, English singer and fashion designer
Lorraine Pilkington, Irish actress
Edgar Wright, English film director
April 20 – Tina Cousins, English singer
April 21 – Faust, Norwegian drummer
April 22 – Shavo Odadjian, Armenian-born rock bassist
April 23 – Barry Watson, American actor
April 24 – Jennifer Paz, Filipino actress
April 28 – Penélope Cruz, Spanish actress and model
April 29 – Anggun, Indonesian-French singer-songwriter
Kellie Crawford, Australian singer and actress
Lornah Kiplagat, Kenyan-Dutch runner
Matt Berry, English actor and singer
Horacio Carbonari, Argentinian footballer and manager
Garðar Thór Cortes, Icelandic tenor and actor
Andy Johnson, English-Welsh footballer
Janek Meet, Estonian footballer
Peter Everitt, Australian footballer and radio host
Princess Haya bint Al Hussein of Jordan
Miguel Cairo, Venezuelan baseball player and coach
Tony McCoy, Irish jockey and sportscaster
Bernard Barmasai, Kenyan runner
Daniela Bártová, Czech pole vaulter and gymnast
Faruk Namdar, German-Turkish footballer
Patrick Tang, Hong Kong actor and singer
Lawrence Johnson, American pole vaulter
Breckin Meyer, American actor
Ian Pearce, English footballer and manager
Marge Kõrkjas, Estonian swimmer
Korey Stringer, American football player (d. 2001)
Jon Tickle, English television host
Liu Fang, Chinese pipa player
Sylvain Wiltord, French footballer
May 11 – Adam Kaufman, American actor
May 14 – Chantal Kreviazuk, Canadian singer-songwriter
Laura Pausini, Italian singer
Adam Richman, American actor and television personality
Sonny Sandoval, American vocalist
May 17 – Andrea Corr, Irish singer
Mikael Stanne, Swedish singer
Colette Wong, Singaporean sports anchor
Shiboprosad Mukherjee, Indian film director, writer and actor
May 19 – Nawazuddin Siddiqui, Indian film actor
May 21 – Fairuza Balk, American actress
Sean Gunn, American actor
A. J. Langer, American actress
Henrietta Ónodi, Hungarian artistic gymnast
May 23 – Jewel, American singer
May 23 – Ken Jennings, American writer and game show champion (Jeopardy!)
May 26 – Lars Frölander, Swedish swimmer
May 28 – Misbah-ul-Haq, Pakistani cricketer
May 29 – Steve Cardenas, American martial artist and actor
Big L, American rapper (d. 1999)
CeeLo Green, African-American singer, songwriter, rapper, record producer, and actor
May 31 – Kenan Doğulu, Turkish pop musician
June 1 – Alanis Morissette, Canadian-American singer
June 2 – Gata Kamsky, American chess player
Kelly Jones, Welsh singer-songwriter
Martín Karpan, Argentinian actor
Mahesh Bhupathi, Indian tennis player
Bear Grylls, British survivalist
June 9 – Samoth, Norwegian musician
Katharina Bellowitsch, Austrian radio and TV presenter.
Takahiro Sakurai, Japanese voice actor
Selma, Icelandic singer
Steve-O, American actor
Bumper Robinson, American actor and voice actor
Mustaque Ahmed Ruhi, Bangladeshi member of parliament
Natasha Beaumont, Malaysian actress and model
Patrick Downey, American football player
Craig Lowndes, Australian race car driver
Maggie Siff, American actress
Hitoshi Uematsu, Japanese short track speed skater
Devayani, Indian actress
Donald Faison, American actor
Amber O’Neal, American professional wrestler
B. V. S. Ravi, Indian writer
Tu Tamarua, Cook Islands rugby union flanker
Vijay, Indian actor
Lyndsay Walker, Australian cricketer
Meg-John Barker, English author, academic, activist and psychotherapist
Joel Edgerton, Australian actor
Kim Young-chul, South Korean comedian and singer
Andi Vasluianu, Romanian actor
Magnus Carlsson, Swedish singer
Andrea De Cruz, Singaporean actress
Ruffa Gutierrez, Filipino model, beauty queen and actress
Jeff Cohen, American attorney and former child actor
Karisma Kapoor, Indian actress
Tereza Pergnerová, Czech actress, singer and television presenter
Jason Craig, American artist
Derek Jeter, American baseball player
Ecija Ojdanić, Croatian actress
Nicole Saba, Lebanese singer and actress
Kristofer Steen, Swedish musician
Matt Striker, American professional wrestler and commentator
June 27 – Christopher O’Neill, British-American businessman
Rob Dyrdek, American skateboarder
Nelson Mariano II, Filipino chess Grandmaster
June 29 – Pua Khein-Seng, Malaysian businessman
Kelli Ali, British vocalist
Tony Rock, American actor
Hezekiél Sepeng, South African middle distance athlete
Michael Dante DiMartino
Timmy Hung, Hong Kong actor
Jefferson Pérez, Ecuadorean race walker
Michael Budd, Australian actor
Rocky Gray, American musician
Kiyohiko Shibukawa, Japanese fashion model actor
Moon So-ri, South Korean actress, film director and screenwriter
Taiga Ishikawa, Japanese politician and LGBT activist
Corey Reynolds, American musical theatre, television, and film actor
Marko Milošević, Serbian fugitive and refugee
Kevin Hanchard, Canadian actor
Karole Rocher, French actress
Mick Wingert, American actor and voice actor
July 7 – Jennifer Jones, Canadian curler
Jeanna Friske, Russian singer, actress, model and socialite (d. 2015)
Dragoslav Jevrić, Montenegrin footballer
July 11 – Alanas Chošnau, Lithuanian singer and songwriter
Gregory Helms, American professional wrestler
Parvin Dabas, Indian actor, model and director
Sharon den Adel, Dutch singer
Hurricane Helms, American professional wrestler
Ryan Lizza, American journalist
Martina Hill, German actress, comedian and impersonator
David Mitchell, British comedian and actor
July 15 – Maszlee Malik, Malaysian politician
July 16 – Jeremy Enigk, American singer-songwriter
July 18 – Michael Dante DiMartino, American animator
July 19 – Ramin Djawadi, Iranian-German score composer
Doug Ithier, Australian footballer
Simon Rex, American actor, rapper, and VJ
Bonny B., Cambodian bluesman, blues
July 21 – Terry Coldwell, English singer
Franka Potente, German actress
Johnny Strong, American actor and musician
Maurice Greene, American athlete
Kathryn Hahn, American actress
Stephanie March, American actress
Rik Verbrugghe, Belgian road racing cyclist
Eva Aridjis, Mexican-American director and screenwriter
July 25 – Lauren Faust, American animator
July 26 – Daniel Negreanu, Canadian poker player
July 28 – Alexis Tsipras, Greek politician
July 29 – Josh Radnor, American actor
July 30 – Hilary Swank, American actress
July 31 – Emilia Fox, English actress
August 4 – Wasabi Mizuta, Japanese voice actress
August 5 – Kajol, Indian actress
August 6 – Ever Carradine, American actress
Chico Benymon, American actor
Michael Shannon, American actor
August 8 – Brian Harvey, English singer
August 9 – Derek Fisher, American basketball player
August 11 – Chris Messina, American actor and film director
August 12 – Karl Stefanovic, Australian TV host
August 13 – Niklas Sundin, Swedish musician
August 14 – Christopher Gorham, American actor
August 15 – Natasha Henstridge, Canadian actress and model
Didier Cuche, Swiss alpine skier
Krisztina Egerszegi, Hungarian swimmer
Amy Adams, American actress
Misha Collins, American actor
Maxim Vengerov, Russian violinist
Matthew Buckland, South African internet entrepreneur and businessman (d. 2019)
Jenna Leigh Green, American actress and singer
Lee Sheppard, Australian cartoonist
Ray Park, Scottish actor and martial artist
Ovi, Romanian-Norwegian singer-songwriter, producer and musician
Shifty Shellshock, American singer
August 24 – Jennifer Lien, American actress
August 28 – Carsten Jancker, German footballer
August 30 – Rich Cronin, American singer-songwriter (LFO) (d. 2010)
Austin St. John
September 1 – Jhonen Vasquez, American comic book writer and cartoonist
September 3 – Jen Royle, American sports reporter and chef
September 4 – Carmit Bachar, American singer
Tim Henman, English tennis player
Mylene Dizon, Filipino actress and musician
Nina Persson, Swedish singer
Sarah Strange, Canadian actress and voice actress
Chad Coleman, African-American actor
September 7 – Glenn Ljungström, Swedish guitarist
Mirko Filipović, Croatian kickboxer; mixed martial arts fighter
Kerry Harvick, American singer
Ryan Phillippe, American actor
Ben Wallace, American basketball player
Elizabeth Jasicki, British actress
September 12 – Jennifer Nettles, American musician
September 13 – Fiona Avery, comic book and television writer
September 14 – Hicham El Guerrouj, Moroccan athlete
September 15 – Wael Kfoury, Lebanese singer, musician, and songwriter
Rasheed Wallace, American basketball player
Austin St. John, American actor and martial artist
Kelly William Newman, Canadian movie and music expert
Sol Campbell, English footballer
Xzibit, American rapper
Jimmy Fallon, American actor, comedian, and television personality
Victoria Silvstedt, Swedish model
September 22 – Wayne Grayson, American voice actor and director
September 23 – Matt Hardy, American professional wrestler
Niels Brinck, Danish singer and songwriter
Kati Wolf, Hungarian singer
Gary Hall Jr., American swimmer
Joo Jin-mo, South Korean actor
September 28 – Shane Webcke, Australian rugby league player
September 29 – James Lance, English actor
Yul Bürkle, Venezuelan actor and model
Daniel Wu, American-Hong Kong actor, director and producer
Hoàng Xuân Vinh
October 1 – Keith Duffy, Irish singer
October 2 – Rachana Banerjee, Indian film actress
October 3 – Marianne Timmer, Dutch speed skater
October 6 – Hoàng Xuân Vinh, Vietnamese sports shooter
Allison Munn, American actress
Charlotte Perrelli, Swedish singer
Alexander Polinsky, American actor and voice actor
October 8 – Koji Murofushi, Japanese hammer thrower
Dale Earnhardt Jr., American race car driver
Chris Pronger, Canadian hockey player
Jason Arnott, Canadian hockey player
Greg Poehler, American actor
Jessica Drake, American porn actress
Dana Glover, American singer and songwriter
October 15 – Shumon Basar, British writer and editor
Aurela Gaçe, Albanian singer
Paul Kariya, Canadian hockey player
October 17 – Matthew Macfadyen, English actor
Jeremy Scahill, American journalist
Zhou Xun, Chinese actress and singer
Mohammad Sidique Khan, Islamic terrorist who led the 7 July 2005 London bombings (d. 2005)
Brian Limond, Scottish comedian and writer
Bashar Rahal, American actor
October 21 – Lera Auerbach, Russian composer and pianist
Aravind Adiga, Indian-Australian author
Sander Westerveld, Dutch soccer player
October 24 – Catherine Sutherland, Australian actress
Nelly Ciobanu, Moldovan singer
Joaquin Phoenix, American actor born in Puerto Rico
Akashdeep Saigal, Indian television actor and model
Yenny Wahid, Indonesian activist and politician
October 31 – Natasja Saad, Danish rapper and reggae singer (d. 2007)
Nelly, American rapper
Prodigy, American rapper (d. 2017)
Cedric Bixler-Zavala, Mexican-American singer
Louise Nurding, English singer
Carl Steven, American child actor (d. 2011)
Ryan Adams, American singer and songwriter
Jerry Stackhouse, American basketball player
Penelope Heyns, South African swimmer
Masashi Kishimoto, Japanese manga author
Matthew Rhys, Welsh actor
Alessandro Del Piero, Italian football player
Manav Gohil, Indian television actor
Michael Greenspan, Canadian filmmaker and writer
Leonardo DiCaprio, American actor
Jon B., American singer-songwriter
November 13 – Kerim Seiler, Swiss artist and architect
November 15 – Chad Kroeger, Canadian singer
November 16 – Paul Scholes, English football player
November 18 – Petter Solberg, Norwegian rally driver
Drew Ginn, Australian rower
Kurt Krömer, German television presenter, comedian and actor
November 21 – Tiit Sukk, Estonian actor, director and television presenter
November 24 – Stephen Merchant, English comedian and actor
Wendy Houvenaghel, British racing cyclist
Zsófia Polgár, Hungarian-born chess player
Federico Gutiérrez, Colombian politician
November 29 – Ferenc Merkli, Hungarian Slovene priest, writer and translator
November 30 – Wallace Chung, Hong Kong actor and singer
December 1 – Costinha, Portuguese footballer
December 4 – Tadahito Iguchi, Japanese baseball player
Kid Koala, Canadian DJ, turntablist, musician and graphic novelist
Lisa Sheridan, American actress (d. 2019)
December 7 – Nicole Appleton, Canadian singer
December 9 – Luisa Bradshaw-White, English actress
December 10 – Meg White, American drummer
Rey Mysterio, American wrestler
Ben Shephard, English television presenter
Gete Wami, Ethiopian long-distance runner
December 12 – Michelle Saram, Singaporean singer and actress
December 13 – Nick McCarthy, English guitarist
Sarah Paulson, American actress
Giovanni Ribisi, American actor
Kari Byron, American artist and television personality
Viki Miljković, Serbian singer
Eduard Ivakdalam, Indonesian footballer
Ricky Ponting, Australian cricketer
Paul Linger, English footballer
Jacqui Oatley, British sports presenter
December 25 – Dylan Vox, American actor and producer
Marcelo Salas, Chilean footballer
Ryan Seacrest, American television personality
Fumiko Orikasa, Japanese voice actress and singer
Alena Vinnitskaya, Ukrainian singer
December 28 – Jocelyn Enriquez, American singer
December 29 – Mekhi Phifer, American actor
December 31 – Tony Kanaan, Brazilian racing driver
January 1 – Jimmy Smith, American Major League Baseball infielder (b. 1895)
January 2 – Tex Ritter, American actor and country musician (b. 1905)
Gino Cervi, Italian actor (b. 1901)
Red Snapp, American baseball player (b. 1888)
January 5 – Dewey Mayhew, American football coach (b. 1898)
Lech Pijanowski, Polish screenwriter, film critic, broadcaster and director (b. 1928)
David Alfaro Siqueiros, Mexican painter and muralist (b. 1896)
January 7 – Wang Shusheng, Chinese general (b. 1905)
January 8 – Charles-Édouard Ferland, Canadian jurist, Liberal politician and Senator (b. 1892)
January 10 – Charles G. Bond, U.S. House of Representatives from New York (b. 1877)
January 11 – Antonio Bautista, Filipino pilot with the Philippine Air Force (b. 1937)
Jack Jacobs, American-born National Football League and Canadian Football League player (b. 1919)
Princess Patricia of Connaught, (b. 1886)
January 14 – Joseph Dippolito, Italian American Mafia member of the Los Angeles crime syndicate (b. 1914)
January 15 – Harold D. Cooley, U.S. House of Representatives (b. 1897)
January 17 – Clara Edwards, American singer, pianist and composer (b. 1880)
January 18 – Bill Finger, American comic strip and book writer (b. 1914)
January 19 – Edward Seago, British artist (b. 1910)
January 20 – Leonard Freeman, American actor (Hawaii Five-0) (b. 1920)
January 20 – Robert Guy Howarth, Australian scholar, literary critic and poet (b. 1906)
January 22 – Oskar Herman, Croatian Jewish painter (b. 1886)
January 25 – William Fawcett, American character actor, mostly in B-movies (b. 1884)
January 26 – Julius Patzak, Austrian tenor (b. 1898)
Georgios Grivas, Greek-Cypriot colonel (b. 1898)
Leo Geyr von Schweppenburg, German general (b. 1886)
January 28 – Oswald Cornwallis, English cricketer (b. 1894)
January 29 – H. E. Bates, English writer and author (b. 1905)
January 30 – Bill Whitty, Australian cricketer (b. 1886)
Pina Gallini, Italian actress (b. 1888)
Samuel Goldwyn, Polish-born American film studio executive (b. 1879)
Glenn Morris, American Olympic athlete (b. 1912)
Satyendra Nath Bose
George Van Biesbroeck
February 4 – Satyendra Nath Bose, Indian mathematician and physicist (b. 1894)
February 7 – Edward Beck, British Army (b. 1880)
Kurt Atterberg, Swedish composer (b. 1887)
George W. Snedecor, American mathematician and statistician (b. 1881)
February 17 – Ralph W. Gerard, American neurophysiologist and behavioural scientist (b. 1900)
February 21 – Tim Horton, Canadian ice hockey player and co-Founder of the Tim Hortons restaurant chain (b. 1930)
February 23 – George Van Biesbroeck, American-born Belgian astronomer (b. 1880)
Margaret Leech, American historian and fiction writer (b. 1893)
Robert A. Stemmle, German screenwriter and film director (b. 1903)
Hüseyin Kemal Gürmen, Turkish theatre and cinema actor (b. 1901)
Bobby Timmons, American jazz pianist and composer (b. 1935)
March 2 – Péter Schell, Hungarian politician (b. 1898)
Barbara Ruick, American actress and singer (b. 1930)
Frank Wilcox, American character actor (b. 1907)
March 4 – Adolph Gottlieb, American abstract expressionist painter (b. 1903)
John Samuel Bourque, French-Canadian politician, Cabinet Minister, military member, and businessman from Québec, Canada (b. 1894)
Billy De Wolfe, American character actor (b. 1907)
March 6 – Ernest Becker, American anthropologist and writer; who won the 1974 Pulitzer Prize (posthumously) for his book The Denial of Death (b. 1924)
Moriji Mochida, last person ever awarded the 10th dan rank in kendo (b. 1885)
Hans Sachs, Holocaust survivor and poster collector (b. 1881)
March 8 – Martha Wentworth, American actress (b. 1889)
March 9 – Earl Wilbur Sutherland Jr., American physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915)
March 10 – Alexander John Majeski, American architect and Naval Lieutenant (b. 1920)
Oleksii Shovkunenko, Ukrainian painter (b. 1884)
Red Wing, American actress (b. 1873)
March 14 – Maulana Shams-ud-din Harifal, Pakistani Islamic scholar (b. 1944)
March 15 – José Tohá, Chilean Socialist politician, minister (assassinated) (b. 1927)
March 17 – Louis Kahn, Russian-born American architect (b. 1901)
March 19 – Edward Platt, American actor known as, "The Chief" on NBC/CBS’s Get Smart (b. 1916)
March 20 – Chet Huntley, American television reporter (b. 1911)
March 21 – Candy Darling, American actress (b. 1944)
March 22 – Peter Revson, American race car driver (b. 1939)
March 24 – Lewie G. Merritt, U.S. Marine, major general and aviator (b. 1897)
Wilhelm Herget, German Luftwaffe flying ace (b. 1910)
Eduardo Santos, Colombian publisher and politician, 15th President of Colombia (b. 1888)
Andrea Checchi, Italian actor (La ciociara) (b. 1916)
Joe Stecher, American professional wrestler (b. 1893)
March 31 – Frank Seno, American football running back and defensive back (b. 1921)
Douglass Dumbrille, Canadian actor (b. 1889)
Georges Pompidou, 100th Prime Minister of France and 19th President of France, Co-Prince of Andorra (b. 1911)
April 3 – Ossie Newton-Thompson, South African cricketer and politician (b. 1920)
April 5 – A. Y. Jackson, Canadian painter and a founding member of the Group of Seven (b. 1882)
Willem Marinus Dudok, Dutch modernist architect (b. 1884)
Roy Wood, American professional baseball player (b. 1892)
April 8 – K. A. C. Creswell, English architectural historian (b. 1879)
April 10 – Patricia Collinge, Irish-born American actress (b. 1892)
April 11 – Edward Alexander Bott, psychologist at the University of Toronto (b. 1887)
Howard Pease, American adventure novelist (b. 1894)
Michael Whalen, American actor (b. 1902)
Betty Compson, American actress (b. 1897)
Marcel Pagnol, French novelist (b. 1895)
April 19 – Ayub Khan, Pakistanian general and politician, 2nd President of Pakistan (b. 1907)
April 20 – Peter Lee Lawrence, German actor in Spaghetti Westerns; such as For a Few Dollars More (b. 1944)
April 21 – Mirja Mane, Finnish actress (b. 1929)
April 23 – Cy Williams, American baseball player (b. 1887)
Bud Abbott, American comedian (b. 1895)
Franz Jonas, Austrian political figure, 7th President of Austria (b. 1899)
April 25 – Gustavo R. Vincenti, Maltese architect and developer (b. 1888)
April 27 – Hans W. Petersen, Danish actor of over 40 films (b. 1897)
April 28 – Paul Page, American actor of the 1920s and 1930s (b. 1903)
April 30 – Agnes Moorehead, American actress (b. 1900)
May 1 – Frank Packer, Australian media proprietor (b. 1906)
James O. Richardson, American admiral (b. 1878)
William Wantling, American ex-Marine, poet and novelist (b. 1933)
Nasir Khan, Indian actor (b. 1924)
Ralph McCabe, Canadian-born Major League Baseball player (b. 1918)
May 4 – Ludwig Karl Koch, German broadcaster and sound recordist (b. 1881)
May 6 – Robert Maestri, Mayor of New Orleans (b. 1889)
Abu Bakar of Pahang, Fourth Sultan of Pahang (b. 1904)
Fred Kelly, American Olympic athlete (b. 1891)
May 8 – Fred Conyngham, Australian actor (b. 1901)
May 10 – Takeshi Sakamoto, Japanese actor (b. 1899)
May 12 – Wayne Maki, Canadian National Hockey League player (b. 1944)
May 13 – Jaime Torres Bodet, Mexican public servant, 2nd Director-General of the UNESCO (b. 1902)
May 14 – Jacob L. Moreno, Romanian-American psychiatrist and psychosociologist (b. 1889)
May 15 – Guy Simonds, Canadian Lieutenant-General, commander of the Canadian Armed Forces in World War II (b. 1903)
May 16 – Billy Welu, American professional bowler (b. 1932)
May 17 – Symbionese Liberation Army Los Angeles police shootout of its members
Angela Atwood, American founding member of the Symbionese Liberation Army (b. 1949)
Donald DeFreeze, American leader of the Symbionese Liberation Army; who went by the nom de guerre "Field Marshall Cinque" (b. 1943)
Camilla Hall, American member of the Symbionese Liberation Army; one of main kidnappers of heiress Patricia Hearst (b. 1945)
Nancy Ling Perry, American member of the Symbionese Liberation Army (b. 1947)
Patricia Soltysik, American member of the Symbionese Liberation Army (b. 1950)
May 18 – Harry Ricardo, engineer (b. 1885)
May 19 – Allal al-Fassi, Moroccan politician, poet, writer and scholar (b. 1910)
May 20 – Jean Daniélou, French Catholic cardinal, theologian and academic (b. 1905)
May 21 – Lily Kronberger, Hungarian figure skater (b. 1890)
May 24 – Duke Ellington, American jazz pianist and bandleader (b. 1899)
Donald Crisp, English-American actor, film director, screenwriter and producer (b. 1882)
Arturo Jauretche, Argentine writer, politician and philosopher (b. 1901)
May 26 – Kitty Gordon, English stage and silent film actress. (b. 1878)
May 27 – Rudolf Altstadt, German soldier in World War II (b. 1914)
May 28 – Francesco Fausto Nitti, Italian journalist (b. 1899)
Adelle Davis, American author and nutritionist (b. 1904)
Frederick George Topham, Canadian soldier and recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1917)
Eurico Gaspar Dutra
June 1 – Henry Clay Sevier, American lawyer and member from Louisiana House of Representatives (b. 1896)
June 2 – Roger C. Slaughter, American lawyer and U.S. Representative from Missouri (b. 1905)
June 3 – Rashid Nezhmetdinov, Soviet chess player (b. 1912)
Smokey Harris, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1890)
Mamerto Urriolagoitía, 50th President of Bolivia (b. 1895)
June 5 – Larry Cabrelli, American football player and assistant coach Philadelphia Eagles (b. 1917)
June 7 – Abdul Rahman Hashim, Malaysian Inspector-General of Police (b. 1925)
Miguel Ángel Asturias, Guatemalan writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1890)
Katharine Cornell, Berlin-born, American stage actress, writer, theatre owner, and producer (b. 1893)
Carlo Pisacane, Italian actor (b. 1889)
June 10 – Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, 11th Governor-General of Australia (b. 1900)
Eurico Gaspar Dutra, Brazilian marshal and 16th President of Brazil (b. 1883)
Julius Evola, Italian philosopher (b. 1898)
June 12 – André Marie, French Radical politician, 65th Prime Minister of France (b. 1897)
June 14 – Knud Jeppesen, Danish musicologist, composer, and songwriter (b. 1892)
June 15 – Kevin Gately, English mathematics student at University of Warwick involved in the Red Lion Square disorders (b. 1953)
Amalie Sara Colquhoun, Australian landscape and portrait painter (b. 1894)
Mauritz Hugo, Swedish-born American film and television actor (b. 1909)
Pamela Britton, American actress (b. 1923)
Austin Gunsel, 3rd commissioner of the National Football League (b. 1909)
June 18 –
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